U.001. The Long Civil Rights Movement: The South Since the 1960s: Individual Biographies
- Creator: Southern Oral History Program
- Collection: Southern Oral History Program Interviews
Under the leadership of Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, the Southern Oral History Program launched a major new initiative, "The Long Civil Rights Movement: The South Since the 1960s." This project collects interviews with men and women who in the years following the sit-ins and protests of the 1960s fought to keep the doors of equal opportunity open and to extend the civil rights struggle into new arenas. The individual biographies series contains oral history interviews unconnected to specific projects. Interviewee Philip E. Bazemore of Union County, N.C., discusses his charge against the state of North Carolina relating to discrimination against African American county extension agents; the role of county agents; racial politics in Union County, N.C.; and Bazemore's career as a public official. Interviewee Abie Wilson, Director of the Williamsburg Arts Council in Kingstree, South Carolina discusses the Southern Negro Youth Congress, his childhood in South Carolina, and his family history. Interviewee Benjamin Chavis Muhammad, long-time civil rights activist who has been active in the African American freedom struggle since the early 1960s discusses his family history, childhood protest activities, and student activism at Saint Augustine's College in Raleigh, N.C., and at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. Interviewee Anton Gunn discusses his role in Barack Obama's 2008 presidential campaign and his upbringing in the South as a member of the "Hip-Hop Generation." Interviewee Elizabeth Durham discusses her upbringing in a Baltimore suburb and her work at the Westinghouse Defense Division at the beginning of the equal opportunity employment. Interviewees Alexander Evans and Leonard Giles discuss their role in a worker's strike at the sanitation department in Rocky Mount, N.C. Interviewee Gary Grant discusses the resettlement of African Americans in the Tillery community during the 1930s and 1940s. Interviewee Lucy Lewis discusses her civil rights activism in North Carolina and New York during the 1960s and 1970s. Ferrel Guillory conducted a life history interview with Jack Bass, journalist, scholar, and writer on racial justice and southern politics. This interview contains details about his childhood; his journalism career; entrance into politics and campaign for Congress; and his books on the judicial system in the South, civil rights, and southern politicians. This interview also contains Bass's reflections on his postgraduate education and teaching career, and the ways in which South Carolina shaped his life. Twenty interviews in this series were conducted during the Spring 2012 semester of Dr. Jacquelyn Hall's Introduction to Oral History seminar at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.